In general, Insurance Law relates to contracts between an insured person and an insurance company in which the insured person is not only defined as the person who has signed a contract, but also includes the persons the insured mentioned as direct beneficiaries.
Activities of insurance companies in Cyprus are established under the Freedom of Services and directives of the European Union, which allows insurance companies established in the EU to enter into insurance contracts with citizens of Cyprus.
The main domestic legislations are the Law on Insurance and Reinsurance Services and Other Related Business of 2016, the Motor Vehicle Third Party Insurance Law 2000-2012 and the Mandatory Insurance of the Employer’s Liability Law, 174/1989.
The practice of insurance aims at hedging against financial risk. However, insurers are vulnerable to financial risk themselves, and they transfer part of their risk on to reinsurers. Insurance can be split into many sub-divisions, such as personal injury and medical negligence, public liability, employers' liability, accident-at-work claims, car accidents etc.
In the light of the above, individuals and corporations seek to insure against the loss of tangible assets (e.g. immovable property), against the loss of intangible assets (e.g. movable property) and against malpractice or mistakes made by professionals (e.g. professional indemnity for doctors or lawyers).
Additionally, Insurance Law covers a wide range of disputes arising out of insurance contracts between the insured and the insurer, or the insured, the insurer and a third party or between the insurer and the reinsurer.
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